Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We recommend enhanced compensation on a scale which can be most clearly indicated by giving the alterations necessary in Schedule IV. In place of the fourteen existing wage classes, we would make seventeen, the upper wage limits for which should be (in rupees) 10, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 60, 70, 80, 100, 200 and 300. Except in the last two classes, the assumed wage should be the highest wage of the class and not, as at present, the mean wage. Thus the eighth class would consist of persons receiving more than Rs. 30 but not more than Rs. 35 and the assumed wage for that class would be Rs. 35. The division into two classes of those getting not more than Rs. 15 will affect minors only, and the compensation for death or permanent disablement to adults will be identical for the first three classes and will be based on a wage of Rs. 20. We recommend for the last two classes assumed wages of Rs. 125 and 150 respectively, and that the maximum half-monthly payment, which is at present Rs. 15, be raised to Rs. 30. The changes in the method of calculating assumed wages will produce a small enhancement in the general level of the scales, apart from the substantial enhancements arising from the raising of both the minima and the proportion of wages payable to the poorer workmen; while the effect on workmen at the top of the scale will be marked. If our recommendations are adopted the maxima for death and permanent total disablement will be raised from Rs. 2, 500 and Rs. 3 500 to Rs. 4, 500 and Rs. 6, 300 respectively, while all workmen getting over Rs. 100 a month will receive compensation for temporary disablement at the rate of Rs. 60 a month. The compensation in the case of fatal accidents to minors should not be changed; and, as at present, compensation for permanent total disablement to minors should be equivalent to 84 months' wages. Provision for an increase at the age of 15 years in the rate of compensation to minors temporarily disabled will no longer be required, and it is unnecessary to repeat in sections 4 (1) A (i) and 1 (1) B (i) of the Act maxima which are determined by Schedule IV.