Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We are aware of the workers' present shortcomings in respect of sanitary habits, but we feel that little attempt has been made in the past to assist them in reaching a higher standard. It has been suggested to us that the Indian worker is generally contented with his lot and views with suspicion any attempt to improve his circumstances; but the keen competition which takes place for any vacancy in the houses provided by employers indicates that his desire for a sanitary and decent house and an improved standard of living is greater than is generally realised. There is also evidence that he is willing to pay something for decent quarters. Although verandahs and courtyards are rarely found, except in the organised settlements, the general preference of the worker is for the type of house where such additions are available. The verandah affords shelter in the hot weather and the rains, and, being open on at least one side, enables the worker to live a partly open-air life. The courtyard ensures privacy without the denial of fresh air and sunshine, and the two together help to some extent to reproduce village characteristics. One of the Cawnpore schemes for the betterment of housing conditions took due notice of these predilections and to that extent, if for no other reason, is deserving of commendation.