Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Conditions in this city are neither better nor worse than those of some of the other areas already mentioned, but special reference must be made to the excellent scheme being carried out by the management of the Empress Mills to provide their workers with decent homes and with a higher standard of living.
Two hundred acres of land at Indora have been leased from Government, and on this site the Company proposes to spend Rs. 25 lakhs in developing a model town of 1, 500 detached houses in a sanitary, clean and airy environment. The town will consist of both kachcha and pucca houses, the latter being built by the Company and the former by the workpeople themselves in accordance with approved designs. At the time of our visit, 108 houses had been erected, 42 by the Company and the remainder by workers. Each building plot measures 36 feet by 53 feet, but only one-third of this area may be built upon. Every house has a latrine and a water-tap, and the village has its own water main and an activated sludge plant. The Company's houses cost Rs. 960 and are sold to the workers for Rs. 840 on a monthly installment. system, the rate of interest varying from three to six per cent. according to the regularity or irregularity of the payment of instalments Kachcha houses cost from Rs. 300 and advances made for their construction are paid back in monthly instalments over a period of 5 to 7 years. The lay-out includes sites for play-grounds, market places, public gardens. a central hospital, a workers' institute and residences for welfare secretaries, whilst, a primary school has already been opened. Although the scheme is still in its infancy, it was obvious to us that the workers had already developed a pride of possession and an increased self-respect: the cultivation of flowers, the planting of trees and individually distinctive-decorative schemes were all evidences of a new outlook on home life among the residents.