Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
No thorough statistical enquiry has been made in the jute mills of Bengal, but we have been furnished with statements of average wages by the Indian Jute Mills Association. The figures relate to 1929 when the mills were working on a basis of 60 hours per week for single-shift mills and 120 hours per fortnight for multiple-shift mills, the machinery in the latter running 4 days (54 hours) one week and 5 days (66 hours) the next week. The maximum hours permissible to workers in the multiple-shift mills were thus limited to 44 and 55 respectively, as compared with 60 hours in the single-shift mills.
The statement gives the average weekly earnings, in the departments named, of all workers except sardars:—
|Department.||Multiple shift.||Single shift 5 1/2 days=60 hours per week.|
|4 day week.||6 day week.|
|Sacking weaving||Rs. A. P.
|Rs. A. P.
|Rs. A. P.
|Hessian weaving||5 15 0||749||846|
|Sacking winding||496||3 1 3||5 12 9|
|Hessian winding||487||560||5 12 0|
|Hessian spinning||303||3 11 0||420|
|Batching||2 12 9||399||453|
Since the above statements were submitted, the mills have further reduced working hours, but no later figures are available.