Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We consider that those labourers who regularly offer themselves for work at the docks are entitled to secure as large a measure of regular employment as the nature of the calling will allow. This can only be secured by decasualisation. We recommend the adoption in each of the main ports of a system of registration, which should be supervised and controlled by the port authority, assisted by representatives of shipowners, stevedores and labourers. A register should be compiled of all workers who have a genuine claim to be regarded as dock labourers. It should include all those employed on the work of loading and unloading on board ships, or on shore, i.e., harbour, dock, wharf, quay or at any similar place where such work is carried on. The existing system, which gives to low-paid toliwalas and other intermediaries the power to determine which men should receive employment, is bound to be associated with abuse, and a representative of one of the leading Port Trusts, speaking of bribery and corruption, said " I think it is pro-bably too general among that class of people for any one to look upon it as other than customary ". The aim should be, first to regulate the numbers of dock labourers in accordance with requirements and, secondly to ensure that the distribution of employment depends, not on the caprice of intermediaries, but on a system which, as far as possible, gives all efficient men an equal share.