Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The question of the recruitment of seamen in India came under the consideration of Government and the Indian Legislature in 1921 on the adoption by the Second Session of the International Labour Conference at Genoa in 1920 of a Draft Convention regarding facilities for finding employment for seamen. The Legislature did not recommend ratification of the Convention, but suggested that " an examination should be undertaken without delay of the methods of recruitment of seamen at the different ports, in order that it may be definitely ascertained whether abuses exist and whether those abuses are susceptible of remedy ". As a result, a committee, known as the Seamen's Recruitment Committee, was appointed in 1922. At this time recruitment was conducted in Bombay through a single mm of licensed brokers. In Calcutta the principal company concerned carried on recruitment through special servants of its own and the other companies utilised the services of one of the local licensed brokers. The serangs and butlers were selected by the officers concerned and the latter were also responsible for approving the crew; but in practice the selection of the crew rested mainly with the serangs and butlers. After investigations in Bombay and Calcutta, the Committee found that this system had led to grave abuses and were unanimous in recommending an entirely new system which did not involve the employment of intermediaries. They recommended the setting up of employment bureaux under officers with practical marine experience.