Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We now proceed to a detailed examination of the condition obtaining on Indian railways and of the problems to which they give rise. The supply of labour available locally is generally in excess of requirements, except in outlying areas where the local supply is supplements by immigrants from distant parts. Temporary labour required for the construction of new lines or on large open-line works is usually recruit locally or imported by contractors to whom such works are let out contract. These workers, however, form only a small proportion of the great body of labour employed on railways. The main classes of employees engaged in the maintenance and running of railways may be divided into three groups, namely:—(1) labour employed in the engineering department on the maintenance of the permanent way labour employed in the transportation and commercial departments, including station, running and shed staffs; and (3) labour employed in the workshops of the mechanical departments.