Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In this and the following chapter we deal with questions affecting labour on railways. During the three quarters of a century of their existence, service conditions have been created which now constitute numerous and varied problems requiring special attention. In this chapter are indicated the extent of the railway systems and the nature of the administrations responsible for their working. We describe the methods of recruitment of workers and recommend more extensive use of employment officers and selection committees with a view to the elimination of complaints regarding appointments and promotions. We deal with the lack of uniformity in holiday and leave rules and go on to discuss in some detail questions of wages, including methods of payment, standardisation, provident funds and deductions from earnings.
In the following chapter we refer to hours of employment and to the desirability of giving fuller effect to the provisions of the ratified conventions relating to hours of work and rest periods. Suggestion are made for dealing with appeals against disciplinary actions wit a view to removing grievances about insecurity of service, and then proposals for improved methods of regulating the relations between administrations and workers are discussed at some length. We make recommendations for setting up joint standing machinery, including Local and Divisional Committees, Railway Councils, a Central Board and finally a Tribunal to which reference may ultimately be made in the ever of preceding negotiations not resulting in a settlement. The chapter ends with a reference to health and welfare activities and to other matters which are dealt with in greater detail elsewhere in our Report.