Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
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The exclusion of infants from the premises of seasonal factories has caused some difficulty. This mainly concerns ginneries, though other industries are also involved. In one province an order made by the factory inspection department, excluding infants from ginneries but permitting their presence in ginnery compounds, appears to have been largely successful. But in another province, two similar orders, issued in 1924 and 1926, had to be withdrawn on the ground that they could not be enforced without driving some of the women out of employment. This is due to the lack of shelter elsewhere; than in the factory for the children of working women. It is not reasonable to require the owners of small factories situated in rural areas and open for a part of the year only to install creches in the accepted sense of the term. But where women are employed in any process creating an impure atmosphere, the factory owner should be required to set up for their infants some temporary shelter in the compound. If a sufficient number of children is involved, a woman not employed within the factory could exercise the required supervision. The necessary provision could take the form of a welfare order of the kind recommended in the preceding chapter. In this regard there is considerable scope for women inspectors, not so much in the actual day-to-day enforcement as in the evolving of suitable methods of surmounting obstacles of this kind with which the factory labour of women in tropical countries is still beset.