Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The possession of good engineering qualifications has generally been regarded as a sine qua non for appointment as factory inspector, and, owing to the paucity of Indian candidates with the qualifications required, the majority of factory inspectors have hitherto been British. The number of Indian students taking up engineering is increasing steadily, and it should not be difficult to attract suitable candidates at reasonable rates of pay. We would observe, however, that factory inspectors are made chiefly by experience in that capacity. The highest initial qualifications do not make an officer a competent factory inspector from the start; on the other hand a candidate of character and energy, even if his technical qualifications are not of a high order, can generally become competent after training. The recent, tendency in Great Britain, which has always led the way in factory inspection, has been to rely more on character and training and less on technical, i.e., engineering, qualifications than in the past.
A move in this direction in India would widen the choice of candidates without impairing efficiency. We consider that the Bengal system of engaging officers as Assistant Inspectors on lower scales of pay than those for Inspectors and with limited functions is a good one, and with increasing regulation this is a practice which, as we indicate subsequently, might be more widely adopted in future. Provided that a competent officer is assured of promotion to the higher grade, we believe that it would not be difficult to attract suitable young Indians with some technical training to such a grade in all provinces.