Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In respect of the actual scales, we are of opinion that a substantial enhancement is desirable, in the case both of the more poorly paid workmen and of those in receipt of high wages. The present-minimum is so low as to be practically inoperative, for the adult.
Wage is seldom as low as Rs. 8 monthly; and, in our view, an allowance of half-wages is too small when the wage is low. We recommend that, for adults in receipt of not more than Rs. 30, payments for temporary disablement be based on two-thirds of wages, and for minors on the full-wage rate. The scale should be subject to a minimum of Rs. 5 for each half-monthly payment, in place of the present minimum of Rs. 2, but the rate of compensation should not, of course, exceed the rate of wages. This will result in all adults in receipt of not more than Rs. 15 monthly getting full wages during temporary disablement (except during the waiting period). No person receiving more than Rs. 30 a month should receive less compensation than he would have got if his wage had been Rs. 30. Further, we recommend the fixing of the minimum compensation for death in the case of adults at Rs. 600 and for complete permanent disablement at Rs. 84 0. The minima for partial permanent disablement should be correspondingly raised. This is equivalent to making the minimum wage for compensation, except in the case of temporary disablement, equal to Rs. 20. At the other end of the scale, we consider that the maxima are unduly low. The workman on Rs. 250, if temporarily disabled, gets no more than the workman on Rs. 60; if he is permanently disabled, he gets the same as the workman on Rs. 80.