Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Many of the recommendations we have to make for the improvement of efficiency fall under the heads of health and welfare and are dealt with elsewhere. But there is another obstacle to satisfactory working which calls for attention. At the time of our visit to the coalfields, which corresponded with one of the busiest seasons, there was a fairly general shortage of tubs. Nearly every worker we examined complained of this shortage and it is a common practice for the miner to delay the commencement of work until tubs are available. The deficiency may be ascribed partly to the seasonal variation in production and partly to the tendency of employers to admit, at certain seasons, more workers than can be fully employed. The shortage might be partially remedied by better organisation so as to enable each tub to be filled more often than at present. We suggest to mineowners that, even at the cost of increased expenditure, an adequate supply of tubs, properly distributed, is essential to efficient working. At present attention is apt to be concentrated on the question of the gross output, without much reference to the output obtained by the individual miner. We believe that the latter question is one of the most important, not merely in the interest of the miner himself, but in the interests of the industry as a whole.