Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The power granted to local Governments under Section 2 (3) (b) of the Act of 1922 to extend the Factories Act to smaller factories has been used by different Governments in very varying degrees. The following table shows the number of factories so notified in the year 1929:—
|Bihar and Orissa||2|
|Central Provinces and Berar ..||85|
|North-West Frontier Province||5|
|Burma and Baluchistan||0|
in some cases the power of notification has been used in respect of individual establishments which have tried to evade the law by a reduction in the number of operatives to the border line (i.e., 19 persons) or by dividing the operatives into shifts. In other cases the Act has been extended to groups of factories belonging to the same industry Types of establishments in specific industries covered by such means in different provinces include saw-mills, type-casting foundries and yarn-dyeing premises. Most of these come under the category of those using power machinery. A few factories which do not use machinery have also been notified either on account of the large numbers employed or because of the danger of the processes or for other reasons. These include 13 hand match-making factories in the Bombay, Presidency. The inaction in some provinces is explained mainly by the fact that the burden of factory inspection could not be increased without adding to the existing staff. Some examination has been made of the conditions prevailing in specified trades hitherto industrially unregulated. Instances in point are enquiries made by the Central Provinces0 in 1923 in regard to small ginning factories, those of the Bombay and Bengal Presidencies in 1924 into the employment of children in match factories, those of the Burma Government in 1926-27 into small rice and saw-mills and those of the Punjab Government in 1927-28 into child labour in the carpet factories in the Amritsar district. In a few cases useful enquiries of this kind have been made by private investigators desirous of drawing the attention of the public to particular social evils, leaders of localise trade unions in respect of conditions prevailing in their own industries and social or student organisations generally interested in economic questions.