Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Before passing on to administrative matters arising out of our proposals, we desire again to emphasise that legislation of the sort recommended is to be looked upon essentially as a first step. A starting age of ten years or a maximum working day of seven hours in the case of child workers is by no means satisfactory, or anything other then the first and very transitory halting place along the road of progress.
The same may be said of the restriction of such legislation, with certain exceptions, to places employing fifty persons and upwards, and, as far as adults of both sexes are concerned, to the regulation of sanitary conditions only. Indeed so great is the necessity of raising the standard of protection for all workers employed in places of this kind to the level afforded by the Factories Act to their fellow workers in the larger power-driven establishments, that we would put a time limit of five years on the operation of the first Act By the end of that period both employers and workers should not only have accustomed themselves to statutory regulation but have made the necessary adjustments. The second stage should accordingly prove easier than the first. We therefore urge that, when the Act recommended shall have been in operation for five years Government be prepared to make such further advances as experience will have shown to be possible.