Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In this regard we have been impressed by the value of the Welfare Orders made by the Factory inspection Department of the Home Office in Great Britain under Section 7 of the Police, Factories and Miscellaneous Provisions Act of 1916. These Orders have increased the happiness and well-being of the workers in the industries affected, while securing and retaining the co-operation and goodwill of the employers. We. therefore recommend that local Governments be empowered under the Factories Act to issue Welfare Orders to classes or groups of factories where, as already indicated, the circumstances warrant. At this stage we do not wish to set out in detail what is to be comprised in the term " welfare ", but would leave this to the Central Government in drawing up the necessary amendment of the Act. The type of welfare we have in mind covers such matters as washing facilities, ambulance and first-am requirements, arrangements for taking meals and allied matters, with a few of which we proceed to deal in greater detail. We further advocate that, in the event of any dispute as to the reasonableness of the requirements set out in the draft Order, there should be authority for the matter to be laid before a Referee selected according to rules made under the Act. We contemplate that resort to such action will be a rare occurrence, as we visualise the passing of Welfare Orders by local Governments only after discussion of the matters contained therein between the Chief Inspector of Factories and representatives of the industries affected, and, as a result, the reaching of a large measure of agreement before the Orders are finally issued. Such Orders would be administered by the factory inspectors in the course of their ordinary duties and it would also be through them that the initial researches, prior to the drawing up of the draft Orders, would be made by the Chief Inspector of Factories with the consent and approval of the local Government.