Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Suggestions were made to us by some witnesses that the limitation of 60 hours was not in the best interests of India and one or two employers advocated a longer week. We are glad to say that these employers were not representative and we are satisfied that there is no general demand and no justification for any relaxation in this direction. Although twenty years ago strenuous opposition was offered to the principle, which was then novel, of limiting hours for men, it was not contested in the evidence before us, and we are satisfied that such limitations are desirable under present conditions. The question, as it presents itself to us, is whether the limit should be reduced 01 not, and on this we received a large number of opinions. The labour associations and those representatives of labour who appeared before us are generally in favour of an 8 hour day. While employers generally are not in favour of making any reduction, and some important associations are strongly opposed to any change, there are some employers who are ready to consider sympathetically a shorter statutory week, With the notable exception of the Bengal Government, who advocate a 55 hour week and a 10 hour day, the provincial Governments have refrained from expressing definite views. We think that public opinion generally would welcome a reduction if this can be secured without inflicting injury on Indian industry and on the economic position of the operatives.