Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
There is a third important function which could be fulfilled by a Council of this kind. In much modern legislation, it is necessary for the legislature to leave to another authority the working out of details. This power to legislate in detail is usually delegated to the executive Government, and although the growth of such delegated powers is by no means as extensive in India as in England, most labour Acts confer wide powers on the central or provincial Governments or both. Rules made under the Factories Act and the Mines Act regulate matters of great importance to employers and labour, and the Workmen's Compensation Act not merely leaves most of the Commissioners' procedure and other matters of moment to rules, but confers on the Government of India power to schedule fresh industrial diseases and even to extend the Act to fresh classes of workmen. The Trade Unions Act and the Trade Disputes Act and, indeed, all but the most unimportant Acts are completed by rules which, though usually published for criticism before final promulgation, lie solely within the authority of the executive. We consider that a Council of the kind we have been discussing would be admirably equipped to advise on the framing of rules and regulations which are intended to be of general application. So far as provincial or local rules are concerned, the need of greater uniformity has been stressed in some quarters, and on more than one occasion the Government of India have assisted provincial Governments and encouraged the adoption of common standards by preparing and circulating drafts. By advising provincial Governments, the Council should be able to further the framing of sound rules and the avoidance of variations which are not warranted by local conditions.