Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We recommend the constitution by statute of an organisation by which representatives of employers, of labour and of Governments would meet regularly in conference. The organisation, which might be called the Industrial Council, should be sufficiently large to ensure the adequate representation of the various interests involved, but it should not be too large to prevent members from making individual contributions to the discussions. The determination of the actual size and composition of the Council will require further examination, and this question may need re-consideration after some experience has been gained. On the basis of the present constitution and distribution of provinces, but excluding Burma, we give the following particulars, less as a definite recommendation than as an illustration of the type of body we have in mind.
3 representatives from the Central Government, 2 each from
Bengal and Bombay, and 1 from each of the other major
4 from Bengal, 3 from Bombay, 2 each from Madras, United Provinces
and Bihar and Orissa, 1 from each of the other major provinces
and 1 from the minor provinces collectively, making
Distributed similarly to the employers' representatives, making
2 representatives of State railways, 1 of company-managed railways
and 3 of railway labour, making
Nominated non-official members
Total .. 67
The last class should be nominated by the Central Government, who should use it to appoint at least one woman, and might also secure the inclusion of one or two economists or other non-official experts. Official experts, unless they happen to be nominated as representatives of Governments, should be able to attend in the capacity of advisers. In our view the labour members should be elected by registered trade unions, and some such machinery as we have indicated earlier in connection with the parliamentary franchise might prove suitable for the purpose of these elections also. Where no trade unions of any size were in existence, it would be the duty of Government to nominate the labour representative. The employers' representatives should also be elected by associations. Where a province has more than one representative of employers and of workers, it would be preferable to have single member constituencies rather than combined constituencies; but whichever method is adopted, the voting power of employers' associations should he approximately proportionate to the number of workers which their members employ. We recommend that, when the new Constitution is framed, the Council, whether it has been established by that time or not, should find a place within the constitutional structure.