Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The administration of the more important labour laws has been already discussed. We now review the existing arrangements for the general administration of labour subjects and add our recommendations for future arrangements and for the administrative co-ordination of the proposals already made. Dealing first with the provincial Governments, labour matters are at present the care of a Member of the Governor's Executive Council, who is also responsible for a variety of other important subjects such as finance or law and order, labour being only a small part of his portfolio. Directly under Government is the Secretary dealing with labour, who is responsible to the Government as a whole and to the Member in particular. This officer is the channel through whom Government is addressed and issues orders, and he is also the final adviser of Government on matters within his department, disposing outright of those of secondary importance. As a rule he has no special knowledge of labour subjects when first appointed, and like his Member is responsible in different provinces for a variety of subjects such as finance, industries, revenue or public works. It may happen that labour questions are divided between two different departments. Nearly all secretaries as well as their responsible deputies, hold office for a limited period such as three years, after which they are ordinarily replaced by officers coming fresh to the subject, the permanent element being supplied by office superintendents and clerks. The theory is that the secretary supplies not so much expert knowledge as general capacity, and that his advice, combined with that of such specialists as are available, enables Government to obtain a broader view than a purely departmental expert can supply. Many subjects as, for example, public health, are entrusted to departments with specialist heads, each connected with Government through a secretary and his department.