Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
For employers the opportunities are almost equally great, and having regard to the very valuable service which certain types of investigations might yield to employers, we are surprised to find how few have embarked on this field. Only one or two employers appear to have made experiments in the matter of working hours, e.g., their length and the distribution of intervals, and few could guarantee that the arrangement of their hours, which too often depends on tradition, was such as to secure the best results. It is quite certain, for example, that for a number of years some branches of industry worked hours which, by reason of their length, were definitely uneconomical, but it was left to legislation to demonstrate the fact through the introduction of a better standard. The whole subject of industrial fatigue, which is of such importance to efficiency, has been almost ignored in India, and there are countless directions in which experiments could be made by employers with a view to discovering means of improving output and efficiency. In an earlier chapter we have made proposals for systematic research into such subjects, but we would also urge on the larger individual employers and on associations of employers the possibilities of experimental work.