Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
These contrasts, great as they are, do not justify separate treatment of India and Burma in respect of the great majority of labour questions. The evidence presented to us in Burma satisfied us that the general principles applicable to India lost none of their force when applied there, and throughout the greater part of our report, we have found no difficulty in treating the two countries together. Our general recommendations, therefore, as opposed to those directed to special areas and local problems, are intended for both countries. In respect of legislation in particular, the uniformity which has hitherto been maintained has been, in our view, justified by the facts and needs of both, and we see no reason for the adoption of essentially different standards now. There are, however, certain problems which arise in Burma not so much out of the nature of its economic resources as out of its relations with India in the field of labour. These are not discussed in the preceding chapters and must now receive attention. The questions are those connected with the employment in Burma of immigrant Indian labour. We desire to make it clear at the outset that we have not ignored the needs of Burmese labour. This labour stands in no essentially different position in Burma from that of Indian labour in India, and the recommendations made in other parts of this report are designed to meet the needs of both. On the other hand, Indian labour in Burma has peculiar difficulties, and it is with these that we are primarily concerned in this chapter.