Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Rangoon has advantages possessed by few industrial towns in India. The main streets even in the area where the industrial workers live, are broad and spacious, and the back streets leading to the lodging-houses arc not narrow measured by ordinary Indian standards. In addition, a substantial area is sewered. Thus the two main difficulties which confront local authorities elsewhere are absent. But, in spite of this, sanitation is .seriously defective. The corporation staff has apparently been unable to maintain an effective system for the regular removal and disposal of refuse. Insufficiency of dustbins tends to encourage the common practice of throwing litter and rubbish from upper windows on to the paved back spaces below and to intensify the lack of sanitation. Even in the sewered areas, sewage stagnates as a result of blockage of drains and traps with refuse, and the areas at the backs of the lodging-houses seem to be seldom clean. The conditions which prevail indicate the need for more stringent municipal administration. The enforcement, of bye-laws in regard to food supplies, markets and sanitation, and efforts directed towards prevention of waste of water would go a considerable way to effect improvement. The revision of building rules and the adoption of model bye-laws, providing inter alia for masonry plinths and two or three storeyed buildings would also assist. We have dealt elsewhere with the weakness resulting from the lack of control by Government over the health administration of municipalities, and in no place is control more necessary than in Rangoon as its health problems are the concern of the whole province. In addition, the Government Public Health Department apparently has no control over the port health administration, and some alteration of the position here is also desirable. The committee appointed by the Government of Burma to report on the re-organisation of the Public Health Department made specific recommendations on this point.