Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
After that winter industrial unrest slowly subsided, but the strike weapon remained and since that date strikes have been a concomitant of Indian industry. The following figures of reported disputes involving stoppages of work for the period 1921-30 have been furnished by the Government of India:—
|Year.||Number of stoppages beginning during the year.||Number of workers involved (thousands).||Number of working days lost (in lakhs).|
As the figures of working days lost depend mainly on the presence or absence in any year of one or two big strikes, the two other columns give a better indication of the general prevalence of industrial strife. These show the widespread turmoil of 1921 and the diminution of strife thereafter until the appearance of a second wave of unrest in 1928. Some particulars of the approximate causes of these strikes are available, as the statistics tabulated by the Government of India give the classification of the disputes according to the principal demand of the workers. This shows that, in 976 disputes the principal demand related to the question of pay or bonus and in 426 to the question of personnel. In the. latter cases, the demand was normally for the reinstatement or dismissal of one or more individuals, and the proportion under this head appears to us to be high. 74 strikes were primarily concerned with questions of leave or hours of work and the remaining 382 are unclassified in respect of the demand made. In the official returns two-thirds of the strikes are classified as unsuccessful.