Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We come now to the question of the settleme strike was a rare occurrence in Indian industry. Strikes took place occasionally on the railways and in other branches of industry; but to the majority of industrial workers the use of the strike was probably unknown. Lacking leadership and organisation, and deeply imbued with a pasdependent of the industry concerned. Such authorities can be of great value at times, but they cannot take the place of machinery established within an industry to deal with disputes as they arise. The external tribunal can seldom be invoked except at a comparatively late stage of a dispute, i.e., when a strike has broken out or is imminent. By this time the dispute has generally attained its greatest dimensions, the parties have taken up positions from which it is difficult to recede, the spirit of compromise has disappeared, and an element of bitterness and exasperation has arisen which makes settlement difficult. Further, the external tribunal has to acquire its knowledge of conditions and at best this must be partial; those within the industry start with a better appreciation of the basic facts than any external authority can acquire. Finally, the task of conciliation, to be fully effective, must continue after a dispute has ended, and the work of an external authority cannot cover this stage. In this connection we are constrained to observe that unrest has been aggravated in more than one centre by the tendency to patch up a truce and secure a return to work without a permanent settlement of the bigger differences which have separated the parties.