Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The position of unions of Government employees requires separate consideration. Prior to the passing of the Trade Unions Act, the recognition rules, to which we have referred, stipulated that recognised unions should apply for registration as soon as legislation made it possible to do so. But when the Act was passed, the Government of India and the majority of local Governments suggested to recognised unions that they should not apply for registration. One local Government went much further and forbade all its servants from becoming, or continuing to be, members of any union which had applied for or secured registration. We are not aware of the precise considerations which led to the latter order, but the attitude of Governments generally arose from the difficulty of reconciling the privileges which employees secured as members of registered unions with their obligations under the Government Servants' Conduct Rules. These rules were framed primarily to regulate the conduct of Government officials outside the ranks of labour, with whom we are not concerned; the Trade Unions Act had mainly in view persons within those ranks, and the recognition rules apply to both classes. Perhaps it is not possible to apply common rules to two such different classes, but in any case, as far as industrial employees are concerned, we recommend that Government should take the lead both in making recognition of unions easy and in encouraging them to secure registration.