Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The creation and development of industrial enterprises has in some cases necessitated the leasing of extensive areas by employers and the provision of services, such as water, sanitation, housing, roads, lighting, etc., which under normal conditions are usually provided by local authorities. In some of these industrial areas there is a large resident population, at Jamshedpur for example it is well over 100, 000. So far no attempt has been made to institute a system of local self-government such as obtains in other parts of India. In the notified area a committee has been constituted of representatives of the two large industrial companies owning the works situated in the area, but the resident population is not required to pay taxes in respect of the services provided. At the Khargpur Railway Colony on the Bengal Nagpur Railway and at Golden Rock on the South Indian Railway, the administrations have provided for the establishment of colony committees acting in an advisory capacity. These committees are composed of persons of whom some are nominated by the administration and others elected by the resident population. At Khargpur the colony committee levies a conservancy cess upon the residents. The principle of local self-government has been accepted in India, and we believe that in these special areas developments in this direction are required as a means of developing a sense of responsibility amongst the inhabitants. We recognise that, where the employer bears the full cost of providing services essential to the well-being of any community, the facts of the case demand that an effective limit to the powers of any authority administering such area should be provided. We recommend that Government should give continued consideration to the problems created in these special areas with a view to devising a system whereby the principles of local self-government may be applied.