Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We consider that there is now no further justification for the employment of licensed brokers in the recruitment of seamen. Where the supply of labour is considerably in excess of the demand, the necessity for recruiters and labour suppliers no longer exists.
The powers of the licensed brokers in the engagement of seamen have now been curtailed, and their employment as intermediaries is restricted almost entirely to the supply of men to fill vacancies occurring among the lower ratings immediately prior to the vessel's departure. But we do not think that an intermediary is necessary even to this limited extent. Desertions at this stage are not numerous; any shipping companies who are unable to make their own arrangements for the supply of the necessary men should be able to secure the assistance of the Shipping Master for this purpose. We recommend that the licenses granted under section 24 of the Indian Merchant Shipping Act be not renewed.