National Commission on Labour (1967)||
Under the existing law, the expression "trade union' includes both employers' and workers' organisations. We discuss the various aspects of this subject in this and the following chapter. In the first we cover the topics such as growth of trade unions, their structure and pattern, their finances and their role and functions, as well as the more controversial issues like outsiders in a union and inter-union rivalry. The problems which unions in this country have been facing for the last twenty years are many and varied. Some of them are of their own making; others are the product of an inadequate policy pursued by Government in the matter of trade union organisation. The law which permitted unions to be formed did not go beyond conferring on them certain minimum rights after registration. the more important right, the right of recognition, except in some State legislation, has been given to unions only through a voluntary code.1
20.1 Employers' organisations, their growth, structure and functions, and the role they should play form the subject matter of the next chapter. Workers' organisations and employers' organisations have to play a complementary role. They have many common problems, particularly those involving communication between the organisation and its members, enforcement of discipline, education of members and the like. Employers' organisations can be registered as trade unions and indeed several are so registered. In what follows, whatever is said about trade unions of workers will also apply mutatis mutandis to employers' organisations.