National Commission on Labour (1967)||
11.16 (i) Coal Mines Labour Welfare Fund.— The Fund was constituted in 1944 through levy of a cess on coal. Welfare measures undertaken by the Fund in coalfields comprise medical, educational, housing and drinking water facilities. Two well-equipped central hospitals have been established with all modern facilities for specialised treatment. One more central hospital is under construction. By 1967, eleven regional hospitals were functioning for the treatment of simple cases requiring hospitalisation. Several dispensaries, mobile medical units and maternity and child welfare centres are also functioning. Besides these, beds have been reserved by the Fund in medical institutions run by State Governments and other agencies. Adult education and feeder adult education centres are run in many coalfields. Scholarships are awarded for general and technical education of miners' children. Besides tuition fees, grants-in-aid are paid to schools. For miners whose children are reading in schools away from their residence, a children's education allowance is given. Recreation facilities are provided in a number of Miners' Institutes. Twelve wholesale cooperative stores, 377 primary stores and 197 credit societies have been organised by the Fund till 1967. Financial assistance, at prescribed rates, is given under the Coal Mines Fatal and Serious Accidents Benefit Scheme in cases of death and permanent disability due to accidents in coal mines. Several holiday homes are being run. Tours are organised to different parts of the country to enlarge the outlook of workers on current developments. Sports meets are also a part of the activities.
(ii) Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund.—The Fund was constituted in 1946 and is financed through levy of a cess. The Fund had established till 1967, seven hospitals, thirty four dispensaries, eight mobile medical units and seventeen maternity and child welfare centres. It has also set up nine multi-purpose institutes, eight community centres, nine Women's welfare centres, twelve primary schools, twelve feeder centres, seven boarding homes/hostels, four mobile cinema units and eighty five radio centres. Workers' children are provided with mid-day meals, milk, snacks, stationery articles, and also grants for scholarships and tuition fees.
(iii) Iron Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund— The Fund was constituted through the Iron Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1961 which was brought into force in October, 1963. It is financed through levy of a cess on iron ore. A small hospital and two mobile ambulance-cum-medical units and two mobile dispensaries had been established by 1967. Some more institutions are in the process of being set up. Beds have been reserved in T.B. hospitals run by State Governments and other agencies. Scholarships are granted to school-going children of workers. A number of multi-purpose institutes have been set up. A holiday home is run for providing recreational facilities. Excursion-cum-study tours are also arranged.