Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
As is proper, a large part of the Act, and of the regulations and rules made under it, are directed to questions of safety. Up to 1923 the inspectorate was almost completely occupied with safety matters and, partly in consequence, this side of the regulating machinery is in advance of that which deals with conditions of labour.
The table below five. figures of accidents in mines since 1919—
|No. per 100, 000 employed.||Persons injured.||No. per 182,000 employed.||Persons killed.||No.per 100,000 employed.||Persons injured.||No.per 100,000 employed.|
It is unfortunate that there has been no marked or regular decline the accident rate of recent years, but we accept the evidence given to us that in the collieries there has, in fact. been progress in the prevention of accidents, even though it is concealed by factors tending in the opposite direction. Gradual exhaustion of the easier seams entails deeper mining and increasing resort to pillar extraction with an inevitable increase of risks, while the steady improvement in discipline and regularity of work without doubt tending to greater safety. In the case of coal mines, we think that the presence in the mines of excessive numbers at certain periods also increases the accident rate and that a better level of individual output, with shorter hours, better disciplined working and better heal among the workers, will all tend to lessen the incidence.