Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In addition to the regular exemptions, however, the Act also provides for the exemption of a factory from the provisions relating to intervals, weekly holidays, weekly limit of hours and the daily limit of hours " on the ground that such exemption is necessary in order to enable such factory to deal with an exceptional press of work ". Exemptions of this nature can be given by general or special order. They are not subject to the control of the Governor General in Council and they need not be published. The exempting power contained in this clause is clearly intended to meet cases of emergency and is so used in the case of perennial factories. Unfortunately, we have reason to believe that it has been used in the past (if it is not still so used) to give some of the seasonal factories a latitude which is unjustified. Most cotton-ginning factories, in particular, have a natural press of work during the comparatively short season for which they are open, but this press of work is normal rather than exceptional. The law should be framed with special regard to the requirements of seasonal factories, and in such a manner that the grant of exemptions to the ordinary workers should be limited to genuinely exceptional cases. We propose, therefore, to review the requirements of the factories concerned with regard both to the capacity of the workers and to the exigencies of the industry.