Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Passing to questions of safety, we consider that the guarding of machinery requires more attention than it has been possible for the present staffs to devote to it. This is especially true of cotton-ginning factories, which are always a potential source of danger on account of the number of belts and pulleys connecting the roller gins and the main line shaft and the confined space in which the operator has to work. We also consider that something might be done to assist seasonal factory owners by means of publications. The Bengal Factory Inspection Department recently prepared a useful booklet for distribution to managers of tea factories, explaining the requirements of the Factories Act in its application to their industry and illustrating the best method of guarding standard types of machinery. Simplified leaflets or small pamphlets on these lines might be prepared and distributed by provincial factory inspection departments in respect of the seasonal, and indeed also of the smaller perennial factories where power machinery of a more or less standardised kind is in operation. Such literature could usefully deal with suitable clothing for machine tenders as well as with the adequate guarding of the machinery itself. The former is of particular importance in country power-driven factories, where the labourer is accustomed to wear a loose loin cloth or a pagri with hanging ends only too liable to become entangled in belts and pulleys as a result of the draught created by moving machinery.