Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In the grant of exemptions it seems to have been occasionally forgotten that the restrictions in hours laid down in the Act refer to the hours of work of the individual worker and not of those of the factory machinery. There is reason to believe that, as a result of the tendency to grant exemptions on too generous a scale, few efforts have been made so to organise the work as to deal with the crop in the time available with the least strain upon those engaged in handling it. Workers have been called upon to work for excessive hours when others were available to take their places if necessary, and we have reason to believe that little regard has been paid to the statutory requirement in respect of compensatory payment for overtime. So far as the needs of the industry are concerned, exemptions can only be strictly justified if it is not possible to secure extra labour, and we are not satisfied that this is true of any important class of the factories we are now considering. We cannot, therefore, regard the exigencies of the industries as justifying the employment of individual workers for longer hours than the limits we have already suggested, namely, 11 hours a day and 60 hours a week.