Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We turn now to the question of the enforcement of the Factories Act. The main responsibility for inspection rests on the whole-time inspection staff, the strength of which in 1921 and 1929 is shown in the following table:—
|Chief Inspectors||Asst Inspectors||Chief Inspectors||Asst. Inspectors|
|Bihar and Orissa|
* Approximate figure; staff is, or was, combined with the boiler inspection staff.
Assam, where the number of non-seasonal factories is very small, has appointed an inspector since 1929. Previously it made a contribution to the maintenance of the Bengal staff, which was responsible for inspection in Assam also. Of the minor provinces the North-West Frontier Province, Delhi and Ajmer-Merwara are under the charge of the Inspector of Factories for the Punjab, Baluchistan has a technical officer who combines, the inspection of factories with other duties, while the few factories in Coorg and Bangalore are inspected by non-technical part-time officers. As the table indicates, there has been a gratifying increase in the inspection staff in the last decade. The increase in numbers in the permanent inspectorate is approximately proportionate to the increase in the number of factories subject to the Factories Act, which stood at 4, 059 in 1921 and 8, 129 in 1929. Most of the latter increase represents small factories, and many of them work only for short seasons, so that in numbers the staff, if not completely adequate, is more so than was the case in 1921. So far as quality is concerned, we are happy to report that this has been more than maintained since the constitutional reforms of 1920. We were impressed by the enthusiasm and the capacity which the inspectors bring to their difficult task and we are satisfied that the standard of enforcement of the Act has risen steadily, in spite of the constantly increasing complexity of factory administration which has resulted from the expansion and development of industry and the changes in the law.