Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The question of constituting a separate class of young persons, intermediate between children and adults, has been considered on several previous occasions and has been rejected as impracticable. We agree that it is not reasonably practicable to constitute a young persons' class whose hours would differ appreciably from those of adults; but we think that in two respects the law should give further protection to adolescents. We recommend that persons between the ages of 15 and 16 years should not be employed as adults in factories unless they are in possession of medical certificates certifying them as physically fit for adult employment.
The present provisions governing children's certificates should apply mutatis mutandis to these certificates. Further, we recommend that such persons should not be employed when women cannot be employed, i.e., that they must not be employed during the night hours which are closed to women and that in no case should it be possible to exempt them from the provision relating to spreadover.