Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
If special representation is to be given to industrial labour, the method which, in our view, is most likely to be effective in securing the return to the legislatures of the best representatives of labour is that of election by registered trade unions. The working of this method should also exercise an important influence on the healthy development of trade unionism. Where only one seat was given, the trade unions might elect the member; where more than one scat was allotted to labour, the unions could either be grouped for the purpose in separate constituencies, possibly according to industries, or they could elect the members jointly. As regards the details, we recommend the setting up in each province of a special tribunal to determine before each election the weight which should be given to each registered trade union. The tribunal might consist of three members unconnected with industry or labour and presided over by a high judicial officer. The Registrar of Trade Unions should not be a member, but should give the tribunal such assistance as they require. The grant of votes should be limited to unions which have been registered for not less than one year, and it would be the duty of the tribunal, after such investigation as was necessary in the case of each union, to determine the actual paying membership and to allocate votes accordingly. We recognise that this method may not be everywhere applicable under present conditions, and, if it was found to be impracticable in any case, recourse would be necessary for a time to some other method. In Assam, for instance, where more effective representation of the plantation workers is required, different methods will be necessary.