Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In respect of plantations, the issue of periodical official information is virtually confined to Assam. Published returns are prepared annually by the Commissioners of the two divisions of Assam; these give a review of conditions relating to immigrant labour during the year, and they are accompanied by statistics of emigration of the labour population, mortality among labourers, average earnings, complaints, inspections and other matters. These statistics, including those relating to earnings, are based on statutory returns which employers are required to submit by rules made under the Assam Labour and Emigration Act. Particulars of emigration to Assam under that Act, are also published annually by other provincial Governments, but there are no regular statistics for plantations in other provinces. As regards Assam, particulars might be given of the number of labourers employed who do not live on the gardens, and the vital statistics given in the annual report should include both births and deaths. A start should also be made with the collection of statistics relating to plantations in other provinces and particularly in Bengal, Madras, Coorg and Burma. We recommend the adoption of statutes requiring planters to furnish statistics relating to the labour forces employed by them. To begin with, these might be confined to the numbers of men, women and children employed, births, deaths and earnings.