Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Nearly all this labour consists of immigrants and, to a large extent, of immigrants who stay only for a short term. Separate figures for industrial labour are not available, but taking four cf the five Indian races which supply nearly all the labour, the numbers of men in Burma who were born in and outside Burma at the 1921 census were as follows :—
|Race.||Born in Burma.||Born outside Burma.||Total.||Percentage born outside Burma.|
Telugus and Uriyas, who show the highest percentage from outside Burma, contain a larger proportion of industrial workers than the others. In the case of the fifth race, the Chittagonians, a large number were born and have settled in Burma, but they are not mainly engaged in organised industry. The extent to which Indian labour is migratory is equally well illustrated by the fact that, although in the decade 1911-21 the Indian immigrants numbered well over two million, the increase in the Indian population in Burma was only 142,000, i.e., from 745,000 to 887,000. From 1922 to 1929 on an average nearly 320,000 Indian immigrants per year entered Rangoon, the port of entry for four-fifths of these immigrants, including nearly all the industrial workers. The annual average of the number of Indian emigrants leaving that port in the same period was about 260,000. Among the immigrants there were more than 12 me» for every woman. We believe that, if separate figures were available for the industrial workers, they would show an even greater sex disparity.