Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In South India, as in other areas, the plantation workers are illiterate and unorganised, while on the side of the employers there are effective organisations to protect their common interests. There are no less than 14 planters' associations, and nearly all of them are now under one federation, known as the United Planters' Association of Southern India, which represents about 63 per cent of the total area under tea, coffee, and rubber in the South. In its memorandum to the Commission, the Association states that '' wages are generally fixed by district agreements and the amount is dictated by economic considerations and by the supply of labour at the time when it is required ". We were told that a private planter could increase the scale of wages, after giving three months' notice to the Association, but in practice wages are not raised except by common consent.