Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
To sum up. The evidence before us discloses no practical difficulty that cannot be surmounted by a proper choice of the methods and due care in their application. We do not, however, suggest that wage-fixing machinery should be inaugurated without further enquiry and investigation, which may disclose other difficulties to be overcome. We would emphasise the importance of inviting the co-operation of the industry at this stage as their practical experience should minimise the difficulties and be of great assistance in the prosecution of the enquiry. In the present case, a substantial amount of the material necessary to reach a decision is already available, and the extent of the investigation necessary is correspondingly reduced. In the first place, adequate information is already at hand regarding the distribution of the industry, the extent of its organisation, the scale of the different establishments, the amount of combination among employers and workers and the extent of employment of men, women and children respectively. So far as wages are concerned, particulars are also available regarding the methods of remuneration, but there is not sufficient material regarding the actual rates paid, and particularly the variations in this respect between district and district and between garden and garden. The securing of this information is necessary not only as a basis for the ultimate rates, but in order to determine the precise form of the machinery which should be adopted. In particular, an analysis of the rates should indicate the form of wage-fixing machinery best suited to the requirements of the industry, i.e., whether there should be one Board with representative advisory committees in each district or whether there should be a number of separate Boards with a central co-ordinating link. Whichever course is ultimately adopted, there must be an assurance that the rates are everywhere fixed with close regard to local conditions.