Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Rates of the kind suggested would make payment depend upon attendance and would, therefore, allow automatically for the part-time worker. Moreover, they could be applied either to the unit system or to the old hazira system. We would observe, however, that it has not yet been demonstrated that the unit system is in the best interests of employer and worker. The old hazira system is yet to be found on many gardens and, indeed, would appear to predominate still in certain districts and to be deeply ingrained in the minds of the workers. The hazira is the standard daily task which the worker should be able to complete in the morning, thus leaving the afternoon for ticca or additional tasks at overtime rates, should he desire to augment his " daily " earnings. The irregularity of the garden worker is chiefly in respect of the ticca or the afternoon work and we believe that no hardship would be caused if, on those days on which he presents himself for employment, he were required to attend for the half day, which corresponds roughly to the old hazira. We therefore suggest that the wage-fixing body should explore the possibility of fixing rates, whether time or task, on the basis of a half day's work, or a hazira, and, if necessary, of prescribing additional rates for ticca. This would ensure a reasonable minimum payment for each working day and would also simplify the task of time-keeping and of checking the adequacy of the rates paid. The machinery is, however, equally adaptable to payment on the ' unit ' system in the case of those employers who consider this system preferable to the old hazira basis.