Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Through the courtesy of the Colonial Office, the Ceylon Government and the Ceylon Planters' Association, we were enabled to see at first hand conditions of employment in the Ceylon plantations and to obtain advice regarding the working of the recent minimum wage ordinance. We do not seek to minimise the fact that the impetus to the inauguration of a legal minimum wage, both here and in Malaya, came from the Indian Government, and that employers, realising that their supply of labour, and therefore the very existence of their industry, was ultimately dependent on the good-will of the Indian Government, were not altogether free agents in the matter. However, the information which we received indicates that there is general agreement that the introduction of the minimum wage in Ceylon has been beneficial. Without placing any undue burden on the industry, it has guaranteed protection to the worker of his standard of living and to the employer from undercutting by his fellow planter. It was clear to us that it was receiving the whole-hearted co-operation of the planting community, and, as a result, was working successfully to the mutual benefit both of employer and employed, and with the minimum expenditure by Government upon enforcement costs. Indeed, we did not find any planter, whether speaking individually or on behalf of his Association, who advocated the repeal of the minimum wage ordinance and a return to the conditions prevailing prior to its inauguration.