Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The only attempt made to set up machinery for regulating relations between a group of employers and their workpeople is at Ahmedabad. Here, since 1920, there has been a permanent arbitration board, consisting of one nominee each of the two Associations—one representing labour and the other the employers. Mr. M. K. Gandhi has represented labour on this board since the beginning. The methods adopted are thus described by the Government of Bombay:—
" In the Ahmedabad cotton mill industry it has been mutually agreed between the Ahmedabad Millowners' Association and the Ahmedabad Labour Union that. all grievances should, in the first instance, be discussed between the workers themselves and the managements of the mills concerned. If any worker has a grievance he reports to a member of the council of representatives from his mill. The member speaks to the head of the department and the agent of the mill, if necessary. It the grievance is not redressed a formal complaint is recorded with the Labour Union. The Labour Union official—usually the secretary or the assistant secretary—goes to the mill, ascertains the correctness of the complaint and requests the mill officer or the agent to redress the grievance. If no settlement is arrived at during this stage the matter is reported by the Labour Union to the Millowners' Association. The Secretary of the Millowners' Association speaks to the mill concerned and tries to settle the matter amicably. The procedure in connection with griev-.i! ances of a general nature referring to several mills or several workers in a mill are also similarly dealt with. If the workers do not get redress after the matter has been discussed between the Millowners' Association and the Labour Union, the; matter is finally referred to the Permanent Arbitration Board."
We understand that in case of disagreement between the arbitrators the dispute is referred to an umpire acceptable to both and his decision is binding.