Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
On the other hand, the objections to any scheme involving the compulsory reference of all disputes to arbitration are formidable, quite apart from the practical difficulties that confront such a proposal. We believe that the effect on industry would be disastrous if there was a general tendency to look to some external authority to preserve industrial peace and to discourage settlement by the industry itself. But, if it is accepted that every dispute cannot be referred, it follows that discretion must remain with some authority to determine when the statutory machinery should be invoked, and it is difficult to suggest any better authority than Government for this purpose. We hope, however, that, in the remaining period for which the present Act will be in operation Governments will lose no opportunity of utilising their power to appoint Boards or Courts when they believe that this action will serve some useful purpose. There seems to be a tendency at present for Government to withhold their hand until a dispute has attained serious magnitude and constitutes a threat to the public peace. There may be a case for the appointment of a tribunal, even if there is little danger of disturbance and no clamant demand for action on the part of the public.