Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Prior to the winter of 1918-19, a strike was a rare occurrence in Indian industry. Strikes took place occasionally on the railways and in other branches of industry; but to the majority of industrial workers the use of the strike was probably unknown. Lacking leadership and organisation, and deeply imbued with a passive outlook on life, the vast majority of industrial workers regarded the return to the village as the only alternative to the endurance of hard conditions in industry. The end of the war saw an immediate change. There were some important strikes in the cold weather of 1918-19; they were more numerous in the following winter and in the winter of 1920-21 industrial strife became almost general in organised industry. The main cause was the realisation of the potentialities of the strike in the existing situation, and this was assisted by the emergence of trade union organisers, by the education which the war had given to the masses and by a scarcity of labour Arising from the expansion of industry and aggravated by the great epidemics of influenza.