Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
During this period, controversy was largely occupied with the question of the outsider, i.e., the labour leader drawn from outside the ranks of labour. Employers frequently announced their readiness to treat with unions led by their own workmen, but refused to recognise any outsiders. This claim had some support in the attitude of Government prior to 1920 towards unions of their own servants; but the official position had been defined with a view to the pre-war organisations which catered mainly for the upper ranks of Government service, and in 1920 the Government of India conceded the principle of the right to employ outsiders. In many cases the objection to outsiders was in essence objection to particular individuals, e.g., dismissed employees or politicians. At a later date the legislative recognition of the right of registered unions to employ such persons and to include them in their executive, did much to diminish these objections. Controversy between employers and trade unions, though it has not concluded on this question, has tended latterly to become centred on another matter, namely, that of recognition. We shall revert to both these questions later.