Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In our view recognition should mean that the employer recognises the right of the union to negotiate with him in respect of matters affecting either the common or the individual interests of its members. The employer, while he should consider proposals advanced by a union which are applicable to his employees as a whole, need not recognise the claim of the union to speak for any who are not members of it, and must be prepared to consider the interests of the unorganised workers. It is not, of course, intended to suggest that the recognition of a union precludes individual members of it from direct contact with their employers. At the same time we are not pleading for a formality. Recognition in the letter must be followed by recognition in the. spirit, by a readiness to discuss sympathetically points put forward by the union, by I accessibility to its officers and by willingness to let them have credit where credit is due. The Government manager or agent who, in remedying grievances to which a union has drawn attention, is at pains to make it evident that the union has had nothing to do with the result, or who keeps the union officials at arm's length by insisting on written communications in every case, is stultifying the action of Government in according recognition. The employer who discriminates in the matter of promotion against union men, or in any other way tries to weaken the influence of the union he has recognised, is in no way better than the employer who denies recognition outright, and is as little likely to advance the cause of peace. These considerations, apart from any others, make it impossible for us to endorse the proposal, advanced by several labour sympathisers, that recognition should be obligatory in certain cases. It was suggested, for example, that an employer should be compelled to recognise a registered union of his men. Recognition may mean much, but it may mean nothing. No law can secure that genuine and full recognition which we desire to see.