Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We turn now to questions relating to administration and procedure. As we have already stated, the administration of the Act and the settlement of disputes under it devolves on Commissioners specially appointed by the local Governments. The type of officer selected for these appointments differs from province to province. In Bengal workmen's compensation work for the whole Presidency has been entrusted to a judicial officer who received a special training for the purpose, and who, although he has still some other judicial work, is mainly occupied with workmen's compensation. In Bombay the Director of the Labour Office acts as Workmen's Compensation Commissioner for Bombay City and Island and for the leading industrial centres elsewhere, while certain judges act as Commissioners in the non-industrial districts. The effect of this arrangement is that the great bulk of the work is done by an officer who is an expert in labour matters and who is able to bring special knowledge to the subject and to devote special study to it. In Madras the position is somewhat similar, as the Commissioner of Labour acts as Workmen's Compensation Commissioner for the whole Presidency. In other provinces the work is generally done by selected judges or magistrates, some Governments showing a preference for judges and some for magistrates. If a magistrate is entrusted with the work, it is the District Magistrate who is appointed, except in rare cases (e.g., in Jamshed-pur, where no such officer is stationed). Thus the present position is that, while there is no whole-time Workmen's Compensation Commissioner in any province, nearly all the work in each of the three Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and Madras is entrusted to a single officer with special qualifications; elsewhere the responsibility rests on judicial and executive officers whose jurisdiction extends, as a rule, to a single district.