Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Proposals for a Workmen's Compensation Act were first published by the Government of India in 1921 and met with general support. A committee which included persons representing the views of employers and workers met in Simla in 1922 and, with the assistance of the replies received to the Government of India's circular letter on the subject, prepared the main framework of a measure. With minor modifications, their conclusions were embodied in a bill introduced in the Legislative Assembly in that year. The bill, after being circulated for opinions, was considered and modified by a Joint Select Committee of both houses of the Indian Legislature, and was subsequently passed, with a number of minor amendments in the spring of 1923. It came into effect on 1st July 1924. Excluding verbal corrections, the Act has been twice amended. In 1926 an unimportant modification was made in order to render possible the ratification of an International Labour Convention, and in 1929 several amendments were made. These were designed to remedy admitted defects or to embody improvements of a non-controversial character. They did not involve any change in the main principles of the Act or in its more important features.