Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The same tale of squalor could be told of other towns and industrial centres; but evidence of neglect and lack of supervision was nowhere more obvious than in Karachi and Ajmer. In the former city the Port Trust has provided 816 houses of different types at Manora and Keamari, but the majority of its employees live in the city where housing is both bad and expensive. Few of the industrial employers have provided any quarters, although some supply materials and leave the workers to build huts for themselves. The municipality has constricted satisfactory quarters for a number of its employees and the Chairman informed us that the question of inducing employers to acquire sites on which to build houses for their workers had been taken up and negotiations were on hand. The problem is urgent, for congestion is very severe and sub-letting is a prevailing evil. In Ajmer the bulk of the workers live in privately rented quarters in the town and, owing to the great shortage of accommodation, overcrowding is intense, whilst sanitation is deplorably bad. The houses built by the Krishna Mills in Beawar are mostly of corrugated iron and lack both ventilation and sanitation, but the houses erected by the Edward Mills are of a somewhat higher standard. The Bombay Baroda and Central India Railway has built quarters for some of its workshop employees, and these are on the whole satisfactory in regard to drainage, water supply and sanitation, but no houses are provided for the lower grades of workers, and these are compelled to look for accommodation in the city, where they enhance the existing overcrowding.